Immigration Research Articles
- Bridging the Atlantic: Tracing 17th – 18th Century Immigrants to Britain
- Convict Transportation to Colonial America
Forced expulsion from a country accompanied by a mandatory labor term issued as a penalty for criminal behavior. The British and Irish courts commonly decreed this form of punishment between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries.
- DNA: A Solution for Tracing Elusive Immigrant Origins
At some time or another, most American genealogists encounter difficulties trying to trace ancestors’ immigrant origins. It is necessary to pinpoint an exact birthplace (such as a town or village) in Europe to forge a genealogical link across the ocean. Officials created few records to document the origins of transatlantic migrants and only a fraction have survived.
- Origins of Colonial Chesapeake Indentured Servants: American and English Sources
Indentured servants were not glamorous or famous figures in colonial America. Nevertheless, family historians are interested in knowing that an ancestor—male or female—may have been indentured. More important, the designation “indentured servant” signifies that the individual immigrated—a fact that surviving colonial sources often do not clarify and one that can open doors to finding the ancestor in European records.
- Tracing Immigrant Ancestors to the British Isles
Probably the biggest challenge facing the American family historian is determining where in Europe the family originated. Published and indexed records produced in recent years have made great strides in assisting in this endeavor. England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales have their own resources to make such connections.
- Useful Sources for Tracing the Origins of US Midwest Immigrants
In the mid-19th century the Midwest became a popular destination for US immigrants. The Great Lakes area encompassing Indiana, Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, and up and down the Mississippi River, including Missouri, Illinois, and Iowa attracted recent arrivals from all over the world.