Genetic testing kits can help you in your ancestry, background, and heritage search. DNA testing looks at your specific genetic code that is carried in your DNA. DNA (and your genetic code) can be found in cells from human material, such as hair, nail clippings, saliva, blood, and more. DNA testing works by taking sample cells from the person taking the test. Scientists can then isolate the genetic code which carries all the information which determines all of your physical attributes and characteristics. This includes your weight and height and the likelihood of developing certain conditions.
Most often, a salvia collection kit is included and a silva sample is required for results. Other tests only require a cheek swab. Interestingly, human DNA is mostly the same, but of course, some differences are present. These are called variants. Once the DNA is taken from your cells, your DNA is processed on a genotyping chip that can read most variants. From that, your genetic data is examined and personalized reports can then be generated.
The biggest draw of DNA testing these days, it seems, is to learn more about where you came from. With DNA testing, you’re able to learn how much of your genome is shared with those all around the world. Many are surprised to learn their heritage is not exactly what they thought but something entirely different. This information has been used to find lost relatives. Some websites allow you to opt in to connecting with them if DNA is shared. Shed new light on your family’s heritage with additional databases and new connections. For the comfort of customers, you may opt in or out of this feature.
Did you know that DNA testing is not just for learning where you’re from? Certain tests can also tell you more about your health, carrier status, general wellness, and genetic health risks. This information provides insight to your wellbeing according to your lifestyle and the surrounding environment. These reports can let you know whether or not your DNA is laced with genetic markers that are tied to certain health conditions and their risks. This can also let you know if you are predisposed to certain ailments or conditions. Of course, these are not diagnostic tools, but informational tools for your education. You can also find out how your DNA associates with caffeine consumptions, your muscle type, and lactose tolerance or intolerance.
The larger companies in the industry such as LivingDNA, 23andMe, Ancestry, and MyHeritage give fairly accurate results. Just be sure to remember that this information is not a diagnosis. This is for educational purposes and the opinion of a medical professional should be sought out for information regarding more serious matters.