This site includes lists of the indentured servants who signed contracts to voyage to Barbados from Bristol, England, as well as a variety of other lists of inhabitants of the West Indies dating from the 1670s, 1680s, and 1690s.
2004 television series on Kentucky Educational Television that portrays what life was like for colonial indentured servants. Website includes images of actors performing jobs typically assigned to indentured servants .
Faculty and students in the History Department at Salisbury University are compiling information about early settlers of Somerset County, Maryland. Includes biographical profiles of indentured servants and masters, and indexed abstracts of seventeenth-century sources.
This useful tool plots the distribution of surnames in England and Wales based on the 1891 Census of England and Wales. This is very useful for tracing the origins of immigrant servants with uncommon surnames.
This site contains an excellent bibliography for researchers who wish to learn more about the context of their immigrant servant ancestors’ lives and also the origins of the indentured servant labor system.
Columbia University’s Columbia American History Online contains statistics regarding pre-1820 slave, convict and prisoner, indentured servant, and free immigrant arrivals to the United States of America.
Novel by Daniel Defoe (1661-1731) portraying what life was like for a prostitute from London shipped to Colonial America as an indentured servant. Project Gutenberg has made this fictional account available for free online.
In this mammoth study, Paul Heinegg identified all free African Americans known to have lived in Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia before 1820 and reconstructed their lives and families. Many of these individuals were freed from slaverly because their mothers were white indentured servants.
The Genealogical Publishing Company has made a name search engine available for thousands of genealogical and biographical books in print. This index is especially useful to tracking indentured servants that migrated to new places.
A trans-national and multi-disciplinary consortium of scholars engaged in research on penal transportation and convict experience within the British Empire from 1600-1940. It includes researchers from Australia, United States, South Africa and Europe working in the disciplines of history, textual studies, archaeology, economics and sociology.
This massive database contains millions of entries taken from European parish registers. Using ages and years of arrival in the American Colonies listed in the Immigrant Servants Database, researchers can develop lists of possible infant baptisms for indentured servants in the old countries and initiate research to document their immigrant origins.
This useful tool plots the distribution of surnames in Ireland based on Griffith’s Evaluation (1848-1864) and births recorded by the civil registry in 1890. This is very useful for tracing the origins of immigrant servants with uncommon surnames.
“An immensely valuable product for which all who work or play with West Indian non-fiction will be deeply grateful, even the academics.” Quoting KO, Laurence, Emeritus Professor of History, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine.
The Palatinate Project aims to reconstruct passenger arrival lists for Colonial Americans from Germany. These lists often contain crucial information needed to successfully trace overseas origins; includes redemptioners.
Ancestry.com has made this multi-volume publication available in an online database. It contains references to 4.5 million American immigrants who appear in published material, includes thousands of immigrant servants. A fee is required to view this site.
This genealogical publisher has created a surname search for books in print. They principally cover the Eastern Shore of Virginia and surrounding areas. This search engine is particularly useful for tracing migrations of indentured servants who left their places of servitude.
Poem written by James Revel, a felon transported to Colonial America, about his experience. Revel’s account was published in England in 1800 and has been made available for free online by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s project Documenting the American South.
Voyages, ports, history, people, origins and much more! Discover the maritime histories of UK port cities; includes Bristol, Liverpool, London, and Southampton, ports of departure for hundreds of thousands of immigrant servants.
Visit Gen. Robert E. Lee’s ancestral estate in Virginia, where slaves, indentured, and convict servants worked side-by-side during the colonial period. Includes background information on servants and slaves.
This research guide, produced by The National Archives (England), describes records produced about convicts sent to Colonial America. See also leaflets “America and the West Indies: Calendars of State Papers Colonial, 1574-1739” and “America and West Indies: Colonies before 1782.”
Colonists registered thousands of indentured servants in Virginia in order to acquire headright grants. This database contains the actual images to the land grants, but lacks an index to the persons entering the Colony. In order to find immigrants in this online collection, first consult Nugent et al’s Cavaliers and Pioneers, which is available at Ancestry or in book format.