What is the mother’s maiden name? What is the town of origin? When did someone die? How to sort out couples with the same names? What was their life like? Are you wondering how to fill in these blanks with your German genealogy? One source for clues is to look closely at the godparents.
In Germany, infants were usually baptized within the first few days after birth. They may have been carried or accompanied by their godparents to the baptismal font. The godparents’ names were included in the baptismal register.
Godparents were often relatives of the parents, as well as friends. Sometimes they were high ranking personalities in town. The godparent’s name was also a determining factor, since the child usually received the same name as the godparent. Different regions had different naming customs. While it was common for the first couple of sons and daughters to receive the names of their maternal and paternal grandparents, the order in which the grandparents’ names were given varied, as seen below:
The main duty of a godparent was to assist the parents with the child’s religious development, e.g. by praying for the child and setting an example of a Christian life in word and deed. In earlier times, another duty included taking care of the child if the parents died. In both Catholic and Protestant religions, prospective godparents must be baptized and confirmed members in good standing. Differences included the following:
Until 1983, another difference was that the Catholic church considered the relationship of godparent and godchild an obstacle to marriage.
Pate, Pathen, Gevatter, Gode, Susceptores are just a few words that mean godparents.
Research had identified seven children for Johann Georg1 Volz, born 1691 in Seckenheim, Baden. However, his death record stated that he had eight children. The birth registers of the local church did not include an eighth child.
The mystery was solved with help of the baptism record of one of Johann Georg’s1 grandsons, his namesake, Johann Georg2 born 10 September 1754. The godfather, Johann Georg3 Volz was identified as the son of Johann Georg1, as well as the brother of the child’s father, Joseph.
Further research found Johann Georg’s3 death record, which included his age. He was born in 1732. The available record set of the birth register was missing births for the period of 1730-April 1733, which explained why his birth record had not been found.
Researching godparents can help confirm whether an individual born in one town was the same individual who was married in a different town. A godparent’s town of residence was noted if s/he was not a citizen of the town where the baptism was performed. Noting the surname and name of town of out-of-town godparents can provide clues for possible maiden names and towns of origins.
Johann Adam Überrhein was married in Ilvesheim. It was assumed that he was born in Ilvesheim, but no birth was found for him. A review of his marriage record stated that his father, Johannes, was from Mannheim. A Johann Adam Überrhein was found in the Mannheim birth register, though with a slightly different birth date. Birth registers in Mannheim were searched to see if Johann Adam appeared as a godfather for any children of his likely siblings, to confirm the family relationship. No result. However, he was found twice as a godparent in Ilvesheim, to two children of the same couple: Johann Adam and Susanna Grohmüller. A Johannes Überrhein from Mannheim had been the godparent to their first son. Further research showed that Susanna was the daughter of Johannes Überrhein from Mannheim. Marriage records of both Susanna and Johann Adam, both living in Ilvesheim after marriage, identified their father as Johannes from Mannheim. It turned out that there was only one Johannes Überrhein in Mannheim during that time period. Godparent research in this case not only helped confirm the identity of Johann Adam Überrhein from Ilvesheim and Mannheim being the same person, it also helped find another one of his siblings.
Death registers were started at a later time period than birth registers. In absence of a death record, finding an individual listed as a godparent can help narrow down the time period of death.
The only vital record found for Catharina Elisabetha Überrhein was her 1706 baptism record. The local parish death register did not begin until 1739. The possibility of her dying as an infant was ruled out when she was found as one of two godparents to her nephew born in 1729. At that time, she was unmarried.
Johann Bastian Überrhein, father of Catharina mentioned above, was the firstborn son. His godparents were one of his aunts, and likely one of his mother’s relatives. Godparents for his siblings appeared to be friends and business associates of his father, a farmer and freight handler. Studying the godparents provide additional insight into his father’s life as a farmer and freight handler.
As a farmer, Hans Bastian probably sold produce at the local market. The inn “Zum Stern” was located at the market place in Mannheim. Maybe Hans Bastian met the innkeeper while bringing his farm goods to market. What did he sell? Was it just produce or were there home-produced items as well? He likely used a horse-pulled wagon to supply inns near and far.
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 Wikipedia (www.de.wikipedia.org), “Pate,” rev. 10:56, 11 June 2020.
 GenWiki (www.wiki-de.genealogy.net), “Pate,” rev. 10:00, 16 July 2012.
 GenWiki (www.wiki-de.genealogy.net), “Erbnamensitte” [Inherited name customs], rev. 11:00, 18 September 2007.
 Wikipedia, “Pate,” rev. 10:56, 11 June 2020.